The Promise of Pentecost: Your Sons and Daughters Will Prophesy

Lydia Leigh


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Your Sons and Daughters Will Prophesy


Last Sunday we celebrated Pentecost – the birth of the church.

It’s the time we remember God sending the Holy Spirit upon believers to empower them, fulfilling the commission we had been given. Fire and wind, mysterious languages, a massive revival breaking out.

When I first heard the story of Pentecost it was painted to me as the Holy Spirit empowering just the 12 apostles to step up and speak out.

They had been hiding in an upper room, but then the Holy Spirit came. Those 12 men went out and began speaking in other tongues, preaching and prophesying the truth of Jesus.

It’s a great story, and an exciting start for the church. But it didn’t ignite any passion. There was never any place for me within that story. Sure, God can empower anyone to serve … but there was a subtext there. The subtext said God can work through anyone [who is a man]. Anyone [who is young and able]. Anyone [who fits the right image].

It was the birth of the church I was supposed to be a part of – but it left me on the outside. Anyone became not me. And I know for a lot of people that anyone has become not you, too.

The real story of Pentecost is something different entirely.

God’s empowerment of the 12 was just the tip of the iceberg. If you’ve ever been left on the outside, I invite you to take a moment and read it with me again:

“All [the apostles] were constantly devoting themselves to prayer, together with certain women, including Mary the mother of Jesus, as well as his brothers.” (Acts 1:13-14) “When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.” (Acts 2:1-4) “And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each.” (Acts 2:6)

Do you see it? This was more than God empowering 12 men.

There were a large number praying together, and some of them were women.

Men and women were filled with the Holy Spirit.

Men and women were gifted by the Spirit.

Men and women were speaking God’s truth.

The birth of the church is the moment in history where God’s plan of unity and equality is unleashed. The whispers of the Old Testament are boldly proclaimed to the crowd:

“This is what was spoken through the prophet Joel: In the last days it will be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. Even upon my slaves, both men and women, in those days I will pour out my Spirit; and they shall prophesy.” (Acts 2:16-18)

God is making the plan clear: In the Kingdom there will be no discrimination from race, gender, age or socioeconomic status.

God will pour out his Spirit on all people. God will enable all people to prophesy, to speak his very word on his behalf. This is not an afterthought. It’s the first truth that God’s church proclaims*:

Anyone is the Jew and the Gentile. Anyone is the woman and the man. Anyone is the young and the old. Anyone is the slave and the free.

Anyone is you.

It took a while for the early church to fully grasp this equality and unity, and it’s still hard work for us today.

We still struggle against injustice in so many areas. But Pentecost reminds us that these struggles are not from just our own frustration. They are God calling the church back to who we were originally made to be. The Holy Spirit is a gift to all people, and God calls based on gifting not on gender.

As we celebrate Pentecost, I encourage you to remember that equality is not something God tacked on to the plan. You are not somehow outside of God’s gifting and blessing because you don’t fit the right image. Equality was the very truth he spoke over the birth of his bride.


* The first truth in terms of theological significance. Technically the first truth they proclaim is that they aren’t drunk.

For more on the significance of Pentecost read In the Image of God: Implications for Gender Equality.

Lydia Leigh

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  • Here is the reference to the strange teaching that women were not present at Pentecost…note they declare at the beginning that many Christians don’t get this…just their private inclusive group of men.

    You need not include this in your blog…just thought you would be interested in the background to this ideology.

  • You are right. There are a number of churches that actually teach that only the apostles were involved in the Pentecost experience, making Peter’s declaration of the prophecy of Joel meaningless and, again, belittling the lives and experience of women. I discovered my old pastor believed this when I told him how shocked I was about these people…he then proceeded to explain why he also believed this..the rest is history. It was one of the final “nails in the coffin” of female ostracism…I left. They think women weren’t there for reasons such as, “the upper room was like a bedroom in the upper floors of a house, and women wouldn’t have been permitted there”! It is all about making the church all about the apostles (and themselves). I believe it comes from a misreading of scripture, whereby they miss the connection between Luke and Acts and the phrase (the apostles …”and them that were with them”) is ignored or missed. If they are read together, it becomes clear, to most, that the women were also there.

    • Thanks for that background Judy, it is interesting to know where it comes from. It does look like that phrased is just glossed over.

  • As a believer this is exciting! This is good news. God is living in the hearts of His people. He is speaking His very words through them. Who is it anywhere that would be resistant to what God is saying?

  • Thank you. Once we acknowledge the gathering of a variety of people and not just the group of men then Pentecost has such a wider impact. I love the image of Mary the mother of Jesus once again filled with the presence of her son …. so uplifting and life changing.

  • Fantastic post here, Lydia. I love the way you’ve put this… Anyone includes me .. And anyone else who subscribes to the title of anyone. Great thoughts and great points. Thanks.

  • Acts 1:15 tells us that there were around 120 believers, both men and women (:14). Then in the account of Pentecost in chapter 2:1 we read that “they were all together.” That would mean 120 believers, many of them women. Out of curiosity, I did a search through the 4 Gospels for names and/or descriptions of possible women disciples. I came up with: Mary Magdalene, Susanna, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, Salome, Mary the wife of Clopas, Joanna the wife of Chuza the manager of Herod’s household, the mother of Zebedee’s sons James and John, Mary sister of Lazarus, Martha sister of Lazarus, Mary the mother of Jesus, and many others who had followed Jesus to Jerusalem (or from Galilee). I’d love to know if anyone comes up with more!

    • I love that list!

      I’m not schooled in this but I understand that “apostle” was originally someone who had seen Christ in the flesh, and then later developed various other witness/missional meanings within the church- if so, would Junia have been one?

      I don’t know the timing of the semantic change – or of course if I’m just entirely mistaken, ha! Does anyone out there know more about that?

  • Well done, Lydia. The bolding of the various words show the significance of everyone in that room receiving the Spirit.

  • Thanks for writing this, Lydia. It is so good to reexamine how the Bible is told and interpreted. As a woman of color, I am so grateful that we ALL have access to God’s Kingdom.

    • Definitely! It saddens me that we still need to hear that. Women of colour have double the struggle.

  • What a great article. I can remember reading from “The Bible Story” set in childhood, and from children’s Bibles and children’s books. They showed the Pentecostal preachers as male. I certainly did notice that. It wasn’t until years later that I read the story with new eyes, eyes that could actually see women, that I realized women were there preaching too. Why erase that? Why erase women? What teaching in the Bible makes it OK to erase women *even where they’re explicitly mentioned*? Thanks for a stimulating piece.

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